- 授業の予習ができる (Side by side は初級者から上級者まで「英語で英語を学べる」よいテキストです
工業関係企業🇯🇵の海外営業です。 純ジャパ1,500人企業の中間管理職 。車内で海外部門は30%程の💪 叩き上げ「えいごつかい」 です。
配属時(TOEIC350)→実務で学習→(TOEIC885) / 日本駐在👦へガイド🗻や日本語レッスン🗣/🏭通訳仲間に工業英語レクチャー / ツイッター・アカウント「えいごつかい」フォローで文法問題を提供いたします ☺️
— Page 92の要点 —-
— Vocabulary —-
(of a person) having high rank or status.
“an important senator”
a conclusion or resolution reached after consideration.
the action or process of deciding something or of resolving a question.
an arrangement to meet someone at a particular time and place.
a meeting of people face to face, especially for consultation.
a knitted garment worn on the upper body, typically with long sleeves, put on over the head.
■ suit and tie
Describable as formal, serious, and professional.
■ ”Max you don’t work in an office but you still have to make it on time to this construction site like a suit and tie kind of job. adjective.”
-a man (in legal use also a woman) who rents out land, a building, or accommodation.
-a man who keeps lodgings, a boarding house, or a pub.
an organized military force equipped for fighting on land.
■ grocery store
a grocer’s shop or business.
items of food sold in a grocery or supermarket.
the branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines, and structures.
■ officially register as a member of an institution or a student on a course.
“he enrolled in drama school”
the action of enrolling or being enrolled.
gerund or present participle: enrolling
★ Enrollment について動名詞”enrolling” もよく使用されますが使い分けについて講師に質問をしました。
I have a question with regards to the following practice:
( ) in the workshop was less than the organizer expected.
「Wasの後ろにless – より少ない – という数を表す単語がある」
「Enrolling – 登録すること – よりもEnrollment – 登録・登録者数→正解」
— Activity —- Continued
■ technical school
relating to a particular subject, art, or craft, or its techniques.
a college of further education providing courses in a range of practical subjects, such as information technology, applied sciences, engineering, agriculture, and secretarial skills.
■ network programming
network programming involves writing computer programs that enable processes to communicate with each other across a computer network.
— Question / Answer —-
■ Why did Jim have to make an important decision recently?
Because he made an appointment for an interview at the Tektron Internet Company, and he had to decide what to wear.
■ What did he consider doing first?
He considered wearing a sweater to the interview.
■ What did Emily consider doing first?
She considered moving to another apartment.
■ What did she finally decide to do?
She finally decided to move home with her parents for a while.
■ Why did Nick have to make an important decision recently?
Because he got out of the army, and he had to decide what to do next with his life
■ How does Nick feel about his decision?
He feels that enrolling in college and studying engineering was the smartest thing to do.
— Page 93の要点 —-
— Reading —-
- she (sh シュガーのように）
— Reading check up —-
P92から始まる文章について設問に True / False / Maybe で答える
- Jim considered wearing a sweater to the interview. →TRUE
- He got the job at the Tektron Internet Company. →MAYBE
- Emily decided not to move to another apartment. →TRUE
- Emily never considered buying a small house. →FALSE
A verb word “consider” must be followed by gerund.
She never considered buying a house.
The word “mind” or “deny” has the same rule.
I would like to know the guideline of the rule.
It is confusing and makes mixing up with using infinitive like “She considered to buy a house”.
I thank you for your help.
— Activity —- Continued
- Emily’s parents think that moving home was the right thing for her to do. →MAYBE
- Nick’s family is in the restaurant. →FALSE
- Nick first became interested in engineering while he was in the army. →MAYBE
- Maria wasn’t a very good bookkeeper →MAYBE.
- After Maria lost her job, she worked as a secretary for a while. →FALSE
10.Maria feels she made the right decision. →True
— Listening —-
■オーディオを聞いて会話の内容が a. にあらわされるフィーリングのものか b. のもの回答する
A. I avoid going to the mall whenever I can.
B. Me, too.
Answer: b (She still going to the mall)
A. I’ve decided to sell my car.
B. Your beautiful car?
Answer: b (He’s going to sell his car.)
A. Please try to quit biting your nails.
B. Okay, Mom.
Answer: a (He bites his nails.)
A. Do you enjoy traveling by plane?
B. Very much.
Answer: a (She likes traveling by plane.)
A. We’re thinking about moving to Florida.
B. Oh. That’s interesting.
Answer: b (They might move to Florida.)
A. I’ve been considering getting married for a long time.
B. Oh, really? I didn’t know that.
Answer: b (He isn’t married.)
A. Don’t stop practicing.
Answer: a (She’s going to keep on practicing.)
A. Interrupting people is a habit I just can’t break.
B. That’s too bad.
Answer: a (He interrupts people.)
— Page 94の要点 —-
— Pronounciation —-
Reduced to: In spoken English, the pronunciation of to is often reduced to [tə].
■ “to” は短く、「タ」となるように発音する
I like to watch TV.
She hates to drive downtown.
How did you learn to draw?
I started to skate last year.
We decided to move.
He can’t stand to wear a tie.
They’ve already begun to eat.
I continue to worry about my health.
— Side by Side JOURNAL —- 英作文をする
Tell about an important decision you had to make using and completing the given statements in the book.
I had to make an important decision recently.
(I wanted to become a ski instructor) and I had to decide what to do.
First, I considered (saving some money for the training) .
Then, I thought about (going back to my ski club where I used to be a member.)
Finally, I decided to (practice more because I needed to improve my skiing skills.)
★Then, I thought about (going back to my ski club where I used to be a member.)
英語学習の掲示板 “HiNative” に投稿した質問からご覧ください。
I would like to have your support for my study about relative pronoun / adverb.
I stated two sentences as follows:
①I thought about going back to my ski club “where” I used to be a member.
②I thought about going back to my ski club “which” I used to be a member.
I selected ②”which” as a correct answer but learned that “where” needs to be used.
I believe that the relative adverb “where” should be used for the geographic place unlike the club type of association.
例文の中で組織など地理的な場所ではない先行詞 “club” に関係代名詞”of which”か関係副詞”where”をつかうかを尋ねました。
前置詞 “of which” や “at which” も同様に使用できるのですが、ちなみに① “where” を使用した例文の方がナチュラルとのことです。
— Grammar Rule —-
RULE 1: Some verbs followed ONLY by infinitives.
RULE 2: Some verbs followed ONLY by gerunds.
RULE 3: Some verbs followed by BOTH infinitives and gerunds.
RULE 4 : Gerunds can be used as a subject of a sentence.
EXAMPLE: Walking is good for your health.
RULE 5 : Gerunds can be used as an object of a sentence.
EXAMPLE: I enjoy drawing.
— Blue box —-
■ VERB + INFINITIVE
decide to (on)
① I will decide to move out to another city.
② I will decide on moving (out) to another city.
I will learn to sing opera soon.
ex: I love swimming. He mentioned going to that college. Do you mind waiting here for a few minutes? She misses living near the beach.
I keep avoiding traffic jam.
I am considering buying an Audi.
keep on (ing)
think about (ing)
I will begin to sing my favorite song.
can’t read (to/ing)
■ Gerund as Subject
Watching TV is my favorite way to relax.
■ Gerund as Object
I’m thinking about getting married.
英語学習の掲示板 “HiNative” に投稿した質問からご覧ください。
This guidance came from my English grammar learning book. I often use the setting ②, so I would like to know more detail.
— Choose the correct word: —-
- I enjoy listening to music.
- My daughter practices skating every weekend.
- We’ve decided to move to Florida.
- I usually avoid talking about politics.
- I really want to quit biting my nails.
- You can’t keep on worring all the time.
- Where did you learn to draw so well?
- I know I have to stop eating junk food.
🗣Zoom 「にほんご」study !! より
🗣Zoom サイトラ Practice より
今週は「How Gen Z Is Responding to Climate Change Through Work」の記事を使用して練習
What did 77% of Gen Z respondents say in a 2018 study?
They said they wanted to work for companies that shared their environmental values.
(2nd Paragraph) In a 2018 US study, 77% of Gen Z respondents said they wanted to work for companies that shared their environmental values.
What does Lillian Zhou feel is the only way to avoid despair?
Zhou feels that the only way to avoid despair is to work actively to save the environment and be willing to leave companies that do not.
(3rd Paragraph) Lillian Zhou[…] feels that the only way to avoid despair is to work actively to save the environment and be willing to leave companies that do not.
What kind of careers and courses are Gen Z members entering to deal with eco-anxiety?
They are entering climate-related careers and choosing courses like sustainability studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology or MIT.
(4th Paragraph) Gen Z is also dealing with eco-anxiety by entering climate-related careers and choosing courses like sustainability studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology or MIT.
 How Gen Z Is Responding to Climate Change Through Work
① Climate change/ gives a feeling of stress/ to younger generations,/ especially members of Gen Z./ They worry/ that the world they will inherit/ may be fundamentally different/ from the one their parents lived in./ This eco-anxiety/ is affecting where and how they can work./
in a basic and important way
Ex: I disagree fundamentally with what you’re saying.
② In a 2018 US study,/ 77% of Gen Z respondents/ said they wanted to work for companies/ that shared their environmental values./ In 2021,/ a UK health insurance company/ surveyed people aged 18 to 22./ Sixty-four percent of them/ thought employers must act on climate issues./ In Australia,/ young workers have left companies/ that aren’t doing enough/ to respond to climate change./
③ Many members of Gen Z/ are choosing employers/ with company values that reflect their own./ Lillian Zhou,/ who has seen climate change/ in her home state of Michigan,/ feels that/ the only way to avoid despair/ is to work actively to save the environment/ and be willing to leave companies/ that do not./
the feeling of no longer having any hope
Ex: A deep sense of despair overwhelmed him.
④ Gen Z/ is also dealing with eco-anxiety/ by entering climate-related careers/ and choosing courses like sustainability studies/ at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/ or MIT./ Unfortunately,/ these types of jobs/ are still seen as “passion work,”/ so salaries are low/ and burnout is high./
the condition of someone who has become very physically and emotionally tired after doing a difficult job for a long time
Ex: Teaching can be very stressful, and many teachers eventually suffer burnout.
⑤ Even members of Gen Z/ who don’t want to work/ in the climate-related field/ or for a non-profit organization/ still often choose sustainability-adjacent positions/ by selecting companies/ that meet environmental and social standards./ For example,/ companies on the B Corp list in the UK./
★still often choose sustainability-adjacent positions
adjacent -used in compounds to show that something is not exactly the thing mentioned, but very similar to it:
ex. For fans looking for some excellent horror-adjacent movies, I’ve put together the list below.
メモ: “adjacent” は物理的に隣接するものに対して使います。
“Sustainably related positions”
★the Massachusetts Institute of Technology/ or MIT.
略称や頭文字は、Acronym / Appreviation と呼ばれますが日本語のアブリビエーションについて調べてみました。
⑥ Zhou explains,/ “I’m interested in renewable energy/ because frankly,/ I don’t think that my generation/ can afford not to be.”/
used when giving an honest and direct opinion, often one that might upset someone
Ex: Quite frankly, I think this whole situation is ridiculous.
— Reading material —-
Listen to the article
How Gen Z Is Responding to Climate Change Through Work
Climate change gives a feeling of stress to younger generations, especially members of Gen Z. They worry that the world they will inherit may be fundamentally different from the one their parents lived in. This eco-anxiety is affecting where and how they can work. In a 2018 US study, 77% of Gen Z respondents said they wanted to work for companies that shared their environmental values. In 2021, a UK health insurance company surveyed people aged 18 to 22. Sixty-four percent of them thought employers must act on climate issues. In Australia, young workers have left companies that aren’t doing enough to respond to climate change. Many members of Gen Z are choosing employers with company values that reflect their own. Lillian Zhou, who has seen climate change in her home state of Michigan, feels that the only way to avoid despair is to work actively to save the environment and be willing to leave companies that do not. Gen Z is also dealing with eco-anxiety by entering climate-related careers and choosing courses like sustainability studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology or MIT. Unfortunately, these types of jobs are still seen as “passion work,” so salaries are low and burnout is high. Even members of Gen Z who don’t want to work in the climate-related field or for a non-profit organization still often choose sustainability-adjacent positions by selecting companies that meet environmental and social standards. For example, companies on the B Corp list in the UK. Zhou explains, “I’m interested in renewable energy because frankly, I don’t think that my generation can afford not to be.”